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material properties of cast iron



material properties of cast iron

Cast Iron: Properties, Processing and Applications - Matmatch

Types of cast iron and their applications. Grey cast iron. Grey cast iron, or gray iron, has a dark grey fracture colour due to a graphitic microstructure. The presence of graphite flakes is ... White cast iron. Malleable cast iron. Ductile cast iron.

Cast iron - Wikipedia

Cast iron is a group of iron-carbon alloys with a carbon content more than 2%. Its usefulness derives from its relatively low melting temperature. The alloy constituents affect its colour when fractured: white cast iron has carbide impurities which allow cracks to pass straight through, grey cast iron has graphite flakes which deflect a passing crack and initiate countless new cracks as the material breaks, and ductile cast iron has spherical graphite "nodules" which stop the crack from further

Properties of Cast Iron - Characteristics

Properties of Cast IronStrength of Cast IronsHardness of Cast IronsThermal Properties of Cast IronsMaterial properties are intensive properties, that means they are independent of the amountof mass and may vary from place to place within the system at any moment. The basis of materials science involves studying the structure of materials, and relating them to their properties (mechanical, electrical etc.). Once a materials scientist knows about this structure-property correlation, they can then go on to study the relative performance of a material in a given application. The major determinants of the structure of a material and thus of its properties are its constituent chemical elements and the way in which it has been processed into its final form. See full list on nuclear-power.net In mechanics of materials, the strength of a material is its ability to withstand an applied load without failure or plastic deformation. Strength of materials basically considers the relationship between the external loads applied to a material and the resulting deformation or change in material dimensions. Strength of a materialis its ability to withstand this applied load without failure or plastic deformation. See full list on nuclear-power.net Brinell hardness of gray cast iron (ASTM A48 Class 40) is approximately 235 MPa. Brinell hardness of gray cast iron martensitic white cast iron (ASTM A532 Class 1 Type A) is approximately 600 MPa. Brinell hardness of malleable cast iron – ASTM A220 is approximately 250 MPa. Brinell hardness of ductile cast Iron – ASTM A536 – 60-40-18 is approximately 150 – 180 MPa. In materials science, hardness is the ability to withstand surface indentation (localized plastic deformation) and scratching. Hardnessis probably the most poorly defined material property because it may indicate resistance to scratching, resistance to abrasion, resistance to indentation or even resistance to shaping or localized plastic deformation. Hardness is important from an engineering standpoint because resistance to wear by either friction or erosion by steam, oil, and water generally increases with hardness. See full list on nuclear-power.net Thermal properties of materials refer to the response of materials to changes in their temperature and to the application of heat. As a solid absorbs energy in the form of heat, its temperature rises and its dimensions increase. But different materials react to the application of heat differently. See full list on nuclear-power.net

Material Properties of Iron and Steel Castings

Mechanical and physical properties depend strongly on the shape and distribution of the free graphite and the type of matrix surrounding the graphite particles. The four basic types of cast iron are white iron, gray iron, malleable iron, and ductile iron.

Properties of Cast Iron - Science Struck

The amount of carbon in cast iron is 2 – 4.5% of its weight. Besides iron and carbon, this alloy contains silicon (Si), small amounts of manganese (Mn), sulfur (S), and phosphorus (P). The products made of cast iron exhibit a reasonable amount of resistance to corrosion. It is neither malleable nor ductile, and it cannot be hardened like steel.

Cast Iron as a Building Material- Types, Properties and Uses

What Is Cast Iron?Manufacturing of Cast IronTypes of Cast Iron Used as A Building Material in Construction WorksComposition of Different Types of Cast IronProperties of Cast Iron as A Building MaterialUses of Cast Iron in Building ConstructionCast iron is obtained from the pig-iron which is re-melted with coke and limestone. Pig iron is nothing but impure iron which is obtained from the iron ore. Cast iron has lot of engineering properties so, that it can be used in many ways like for sanitary fittings, rail chairs, casting molds etc. See full list on theconstructor.org Cast iron in manufactured from re-melting process as mentioned above. This process takes place in a furnace called couple furnace. The furnace is 5 meters in height and cylindrical in shape with 1 m diameter.The materials pig iron, coke and lime stone are entered from the charging door of chamber which provided at the top. Air blast is introduced into the chamber using air blast inlet which removes the impurities present in the pig iron.Hence, pure cast iron is obtained from the bottom ou... See full list on theconstructor.org Following are the types of cast iron used as a building material in construction and their uses: 1. Grey cast iron 2. Malleable cast iron 3. Mottled cast iron 4. Toughened cast iron 5. White cast iron 6. Ductile cast iron 7. Chilled cast iron See full list on theconstructor.org Different types of cast iron are composed of different quantities of constituents shown in table below: See full list on theconstructor.org The properties of cast iron are as follows 1. Good corrosion resistance, so it can be used for water carrying pipes etc. 2. Does not get attracted to magnet. 3. Specific gravity is 7.5. 4. Melting point is about 1250oC. 5. Tensile strength is about 150 N/mm2 and compressive strength is about 600 N/mm2.so, it is good in compression. 6. It becomes soft when placed in salt water and it shrinks on cooling. 7. It cannot be useful for forging work because of lack of plasticity. See full list on theconstructor.org Cast iron can be used for making different tools, materials etc. as described below. 1. Many types of sanitary fittings like manholes, sewer pipes, water pipes, cisterns are manufactured using cast iron. 2. Metal columns and column bases can be made using cast iron. 3. Casting molds for making metal staircases, lamp posts, gates etc. are made using cast iron. 4. Rail chairs and carriage wheels are manufactured. 5. Several types of agricultural implements can be made. 6. Machinery parts can be... See full list on theconstructor.org

Cast Iron | Types, Advantages, Disadvantages, Uses, Properties

Types of Cast IronAdvantages of Cast IronDisadvantages of Cast IronApplications of Cast IronIn the above table you can find the composition of different types of cast irons Following are some important types of it 1. Grey 2. Ductile 3. Compacted graphite 4. White 5. Malleable 6. Abrasion resistant 7. Nodular or spheroidal 8. Austenitic Now we will discuss properties of each of them briefly. Carbon is present here in the form of Iron carbide (Fe3C). Its properties are 1. It has High compressive strength 2. It is difficult to machine 3. It has Good hardness 4. It has Resistance to wear Carbon here is mainly in the form of graphite. It is inexpensive. Its properties are 1. It has Good machinability 2. It has Good resistance to galling and wear 3. It has high compressive strength 4. It is brittle Its properties are 1. It has High ductility 2. It has High strength They are made malleable with the help of annealing. They are used to make parts where forging is expensive like, brake supports, hubs of wagon wheels etc. They are in expensive. Its properties are 1. They have High du... See full list on clubtechnical.com It has Good castingpropertiesIt is available in large quantities, hence produced in mass scale. Tools required for casting process are relatively cheap and inexpensive. This results into low cost of its products.It can be given any complex shape and size without using costly machining operationsIt has three to five times more compression strength compared to steelSee full list on clubtechnical.com It is Prone to rustingIt has poor tensile strengthIts parts are section sensitive, this is due to slow cooling of thick sections.failure of Its parts is sudden and total, it does not exhibit yield point.See full list on clubtechnical.com It is used in making following things 1. It is used in making pipes, to carry suitable fluids 2. It is used in making different machines 3. It is used in making automotive parts 4. It is used in making pots pans and utensils 5. It is used in making anchor for ships. Image source Table of composition See full list on clubtechnical.com

Cast Iron Types | Metal Casting Resources

Hardness – material’s resistance to abrasion and indentation Toughness – material’s ability to absorb energy Ductility – material’s ability to deform without fracture Elasticity – material’s ability to return to its original dimensions after it has been deformed

Grey Cast Iron - MakeItFrom.com: Material Properties Database

Grey Cast Iron. Mechanical Properties. Brinell Hardness 160 to 300 Compressive (Crushing) Strength 570 to 1290 MPa 83 to 190 x 103 psi Elastic (Young's, Tensile) ... Thermal Properties. Electrical Properties. Otherwise Unclassified Properties. Common Calculations.

MatWeb - The Online Materials Information Resource

Material Name; 1: Gray Cast Iron, ASTM A 48 Class 40: 2: Overview of materials for Cast Iron: 3: Overview of materials for Alloy Cast Iron: 4: Overview of materials for Gray Cast Iron: 5: Overview of materials for White Cast Iron: 6: Low-C White Iron, abrasion resistant: 7: Martensitic Nickel-Chromium Iron, abrasion resistant: 8: High-Silicon Iron, corrosion resistant: 9

Cast Iron as a Building Material- Types, Properties and Uses

Properties of Cast Iron as a Building Material. The properties of cast iron are as follows. Good corrosion resistance, so it can be used for water carrying pipes etc. Does not get attracted to magnet. Specific gravity is 7.5. Melting point is about 1250 o C.

7 Different Types of Cast Iron with Properties | Images & PDF

Jul 02, 2020 · Since cast iron is a brittle material, it cannot be used in parts which are subjected to shocks. Following are the important properties of cast iron which make it a valuable material for engineering purpose. Low cost. Good casting characteristics. High compressive strength. Wear resistance. Excellent machinability.

Cast Iron - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Like ductile cast iron the matrix is the continuous phase and so the final structure will have similar properties to ductile cast iron, excellent strength, ductility, and toughness. The strength and ductility of malleable irons would overlap the as-cast properties of ductile iron shown in Figure 8 .

What Are the Properties of Cast Iron? - Reference.com

Apr 17, 2020 · Its stiffness and dampening properties make it a great material for machine parts and tool frames. Cast iron is one of the oldest ferrous metals commonly used in outdoor ornaments and construction. It consists of iron, carbon and silicon with traces of sulfur, phosphorus and manganese.

Properties of Cast Iron | eHow

Mar 15, 2019 · Cast iron's properties make it an excellent material for cooking, but not for the same reasons as other metals. While copper and aluminum are excellent conductors of heat, cast iron is valued specifically because it's a poor conductor.

Cast Iron - Microstructure development and properties

Aug 04, 2020 · Cast Iron is an alloy of iron and carbon with a carbon percentage of between 2wt% to 6.67 wt%. Cast Iron is considered as a metal-matric composite material with carbon particles embedded in an iron matrix. Distribution of precipitates and morphology of precipitates determines properties and usability of cast iron.

Cast Iron - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cast iron material groups include white and grey cast irons (Fig. 13.10A). In the past two decades, the development of new cast iron materials has been seen to offer greater competition to other materials and make cast iron a contender for components not traditionally manufactured from this material [4,5,10,11] .

Material Properties For Grey Cast Iron GG-35 (DIN 1691) | RupBox

Gray Cast Iron GG-35 (DIN 1691), EN-GJL-350 (EU Steel Grade), EN-JL1060 (EU Steel Number), 50 (USA ASTM A48) Important Note: As the material property values below are generalized figures only for quick reference and may only be applicable to certain test conditions.

Metal, Plastic, and Ceramic Search Index

Material Name; 1: Gray Cast Iron, ASTM A 48 Class 40: 2: Overview of materials for Cast Iron: 3: Overview of materials for Alloy Cast Iron: 4: Overview of materials for Ductile Iron: 5: Overview of materials for Gray Cast Iron: 6: Overview of materials for Malleable Iron: 7: Overview of materials for White Cast Iron: 8: Low-C White Iron ...

Comparison of Mechanical Properties of Gray and Ductile Iron ...

Dec 07, 2010 · Fonderie Saguenay are a jobbing shop specializing in producing components in materials such as gray iron and ductile iron. The following table of mechanical properties has been compiled to assist with the selection of the ideal grade of cast iron for your castings.

Cast Iron Material Properties & Maintenance

Cast Iron 100% recyclable and extremely durable. Iron ore is very abundant, making up to a third of the Earth’s total mass. The material commonly referred to as cast iron is made up of iron ore with the addition of between 2% and 4% of carbon, present as graphite.

Properties of Cast Iron | eHow

Mar 15, 2019 · Cast iron's properties make it an excellent material for cooking, but not for the same reasons as other metals. While copper and aluminum are excellent conductors of heat, cast iron is valued specifically because it's a poor conductor.

Cast Iron - Microstructure development and properties

Aug 04, 2020 · Cast Iron is an alloy of iron and carbon with a carbon percentage of between 2wt% to 6.67 wt%. Cast Iron is considered as a metal-matric composite material with carbon particles embedded in an iron matrix. Distribution of precipitates and morphology of precipitates determines properties and usability of cast iron.

Cast-Iron: Manufacture, Composition, Types, Properties and ...

ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Manufacture of Cast-Iron 2. Composition of Cast-Iron 3. Types 4. Properties 5. Uses 6. Castings 7. Types of Castings 8. Characteristics of a Good Casting 9. Defects in Casting. Manufacture of Cast-Iron: The cast-iron is manufactured by re-melting pig-iron with coke and limestone. This re-melting is […]

Material Properties For Grey Cast Iron GG-35 (DIN 1691) | RupBox

Gray Cast Iron GG-35 (DIN 1691), EN-GJL-350 (EU Steel Grade), EN-JL1060 (EU Steel Number), 50 (USA ASTM A48) Important Note: As the material property values below are generalized figures only for quick reference and may only be applicable to certain test conditions.

Material Properties For Grey Cast Iron GG-15 (DIN 1691) | RupBox

Gray Cast Iron GG-15 (DIN 1691), EN-GJL-150 (EU Steel Grade), EN-JL1020 (EU Steel Number), 20 (USA ASTM A48), 25 (USA ASTM A48) Important Note: As the material property values below are generalized figures only for quick reference and may only be applicable to certain test conditions.

White Cast Iron - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cast iron material groups include white and grey cast irons (Fig. 13.10A).In the past two decades, the development of new cast iron materials has been seen to offer greater competition to other materials and make cast iron a contender for components not traditionally manufactured from this material [4,5,10,11].

RubleAndrew - Cast Iron - Materials Education (MatEdU)

4" " Inadditiontothehighcarboncon tent,a1M3%weight’siliconadded’to’theiron’ increases’the’potential’for’graphite’formation,’or’graphitization ...

Cast Iron Standards - ASTM International

ASTM's ferroalloy and casting standards are instrumental in classifying, evaluating, and specifying the material, chemical, mechanical, and metallurgical properties of iron alloys and their castings. The iron castings can be of the ferritic, austenitic, gray, cupola, pearlitic, ductile, or malleable types.

Cast iron plasticity

The cast iron plasticity model describes the mechanical behavior of gray cast iron, a material with a microstructure consisting of a distribution of graphite flakes in a steel matrix. In tension the graphite flakes act as stress concentrators, resulting in yielding as a function of the maximum principal stress, followed by brittle behavior.

Cast Iron Material Properties & Maintenance

Cast Iron 100% recyclable and extremely durable. Iron ore is very abundant, making up to a third of the Earth’s total mass. The material commonly referred to as cast iron is made up of iron ore with the addition of between 2% and 4% of carbon, present as graphite.

Cast Iron Mechanical Properties – Tensile Strength ...

There are many ways of classification cast irons. Some of the common classifications are based on the appearance of their fracture surface, their microstructure or their material properties. The other common method is to classify cast iron by type - gray iron, ductile cast iron and mottled cast iron.

What Is the Composition of Cast Iron? - Reference.com

Apr 16, 2020 · Cast iron breaks when it is loaded with significant pressure, although the carbon content in cast iron makes this metal good for casting. This type of cast iron is called grey cast iron, and its main characteristic is the grey-colored carbon flakes in its composition. To produce cast iron, iron ore is deoxidized in a blast furnace.

Cast Iron Mechanical Properties - Dandong Foundry

Tensile strength will show the strength of cast iron when it is pulled until broken. For example, the ductile iron 60-40-18 has tensile strength of 60000 psi, therefore, it is equal to 414 Mpa. Therefore, if your parts need to use this material, then your supplier should keep their iron castings with min. 414 Mpa tensile strength.

Ductile Cast Iron – Nodular Cast Iron - Nuclear Power

Properties of Ductile Cast Iron – ASTM A536 – 60-40-18. Material properties are intensive properties, that means they are independent of the amount of mass and may vary from place to place within the system at any moment. The basis of materials science involves studying the structure of materials, and relating them to their properties ...

Material Properties For Grey Cast Iron GG-35 (DIN 1691) | RupBox

Gray Cast Iron GG-35 (DIN 1691), EN-GJL-350 (EU Steel Grade), EN-JL1060 (EU Steel Number), 50 (USA ASTM A48) Important Note: As the material property values below are generalized figures only for quick reference and may only be applicable to certain test conditions.

Chilled Cast Iron - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

The most widely used material for camshafts at present is chilled cast iron ((1) in Table 5.2), using a high-Cr cast iron. This type of camshaft is shown in Fig. 5.4 , and has hard cam lobes with a strong but soft shaft.

Cast iron plasticity

The cast iron plasticity model describes the mechanical behavior of gray cast iron, a material with a microstructure consisting of a distribution of graphite flakes in a steel matrix. In tension the graphite flakes act as stress concentrators, resulting in yielding as a function of the maximum principal stress, followed by brittle behavior.

Properties: An Introduction to Grey Iron - Material Science

These are a form of cast iron that have variable properties dependent on the microstructure. The microstructure can be altered via heat treatments. In general these materials have low tensile strengths but good compressive strengths, hardness, corrosion resistance and wear resistance.

ASTM A48 CLASS 20 - Gray Cast Iron

This grade of material has worse tensile strength, ductility and toughness than cast steel and ductile iron, so it is the worst cast iron considering the mechanical properties. However, this material has good casting property, shock absorption, wear-resisting property and machining performance.

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